Environmental pollution, including pollution in cars, is indeed difficult to avoid. You might feel safe from exhaust fumes and pollution outside the vehicle being in the car cabin. Is that true?

Air Pollution inside Car Cabin
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The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) states that indoor pollution is 2-5 times higher than outdoor pollution, one of which is pollution that you are not aware of when in a car cabin. In general, we spend two or more hours in the car every day.

The study results also stated that exposure to dangerous particular and black carbon suffered by private car drivers was even higher than bicycle riders, train users, and buses. The study also mentioned that pollution levels on the road could be higher than on the roadside or sidewalk.

When in the car, we tend to inhale pollution from the vehicle's exhaust fumes in front of us. Especially if the vehicle is in a closed condition and does not have good airflow control settings, the concentration of carbon monoxide from exhaust fumes can cause headaches, dizziness, nausea, fatigue, and trigger damage to blood vessels, heart, and lungs.

If opening the window can make the airflow better, that is also not entirely true. If stuck in traffic, when the weather is hot, and the car window is open, the inhaled pollution can be six times higher than pollution exposed to pedestrians. 

How to Reduce Pollution Exposure when driving a car

The following are some things you can do to reduce your exposure to pollution while driving.
  1. Air pollution in cars tends to be higher during peak hours. Avoid driving during rush hours or look for alternative routes that are not too crowded.
  2. When stuck in traffic, you will be more exposed to exhaust fumes from the car in front of you. Exhaust fumes produce carbon emissions that are very dangerous for the body.
  3. Use this function to create better airflow. Open the car window when driving in a pleasant environment with clean air.
  4. Keep the vehicle safe from vehicles with high exhaust fumes. When stopping at traffic lights, close the car window, and keep the vehicle at a distance. And when driving in a non-congested area, open the car window to let the fresh air in.
  5. No recommendations use car air freshener or deodorant in the car. Avoid smoking in the car. Exposure to cigarette smoke and particles of these substances can cause adverse effects on health.
  6. If you can't control the pollution around, get minimal exposure to pollution in the ways above. Or switch to public transportation to reduce congestion while at the same time creating a healthier air and environment.