Tooth extraction is a treatment that results in bleeding of the gingiva and mucosa of the oral cavity, which can cause complications if prolonged.

Research at a university in Chennai-India shows that bleeding is one of the most common post-withdrawal complications, 59.1%. Therefore, management to stop bleeding after a tooth extraction is an important concern, both those performed by dentists and those that can be done by patients at home.

Use Teabag to Stop Bleeding After Tooth Extraction


Tea's Components

Tea or Camellia sinensis L. is one of the drinks most often consumed by the wider community, since 3000 BC. There are a variety of teas and their properties, including green tea made from unfermented tea leaves. Green tea is the tea that has the highest content of polyphenols and has the most health benefits.

Green tea has various chemical components, such as:

  • polyphenols (catechins, flavonoids, tannins), 
  • alkaloids (caffeine, theobromine, theophylline), 
  • polysaccharides, 
  • amino acids, 
  • lipids, 
  • vitamins (especially vitamin C), 
  • and other inorganic components such as aluminum and fluorine.

Polyphenols are the main ingredients of tea, which are most beneficial in the health field. Various studies have shown that polyphenols have antioxidant, anticarcinogenic, anti-inflammatory, thermogenic, probiotic, and antimicrobial effects.



Tea Mechanism for Stopping Bleeding

The tea's content, which is beneficial to health, comes mainly from the active structure of hydroxyl-hydrogen in polyphenols, which contains flavonoids, primary catechins, and tannins.

Tannin compounds can cause contractions in damaged blood tissue and capillaries because they have an astringent effect. Tannins can also accelerate blood clots that affect the mechanism of hemostasis.


Effect of Tea Content to Stop Bleeding After Tooth Extraction

A randomized controlled trial study by Soltani et al. in 2014, proved that green tea extract could reduce gingival bleeding time after extraction of mandibular posterior teeth. However, the bleeding time was only observed for 5 minutes, not in the long run.

Research by Wistar using green tea leaf extract on the healing of tooth extraction wounds in rats shows an increase in the number of fibroblast cells in the oral cavity, which can accelerate the process of wound healing.

However, there are contradictory results related to green tea's effect on the inhibition of bleeding and wound healing. Another in vivo study of the effects of gargling using green tea did not provide significant results on the healing of tooth sockets in rats.


How to Use Tea Bag to Stop Bleeding After Tooth Extraction

Patients who experience bleeding after tooth extraction can be asked to bite cloth or cotton soaked in tea water or directly bite the wet tea bag, to accelerate blood coagulation.

However, this method is only recommended in emergencies with tranexamic acid unavailable and only for patients with stable hemodynamic conditions. It is not patients with factors that cause systemic bleeding, such as coagulation disorders, fibrinolytic defects, platelet disorders, vascular abnormalities, or antithrombotic drugs.

Also, this method must be done carefully if the patient uses it independently. It is mainly related to the sterility of tea bags, which can affect healing and infection of wounds. If bleeding after tooth extraction continues, it is advisable to continue to look for standard medical measures in the management of bleeding.




Conclusion
Teabags that contain green tea leaves and contain polyphenols have the potential to help stop bleeding after tooth extraction and accelerate wound healing. However, there is no further evidence based on the effects of teabag application to stop bleeding after tooth extraction, which is done directly on the scars in vivo or for humans.

The use of tea bags to stop bleeding after tooth extraction can be recommended in emergencies and only for patients with stable hemodynamic conditions. So, if a patient comes to the clinic complaining of bleeding gums after tooth extraction - the health worker, as first aid, can go to the kitchen to get a teabag and immediately advise the patient to bite it!